Massachusetts Institute of Technology Early developments


Two days after MIT was chartered, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT's first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865.bThe new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions "to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes" and was a land-grant school.

In 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. In 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay. MIT was informally called "Boston Tech". The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker.

Programs in electrical, chemical, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, new buildings were built, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand. The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership.

During these "Boston Tech" years, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffed Harvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot's repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College's Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard.  In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, students, and alumni.

However, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme. In 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT's move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River.

The neoclassical "New Technology" campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious "Mr. Smith", starting in 1912. In January 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. Between 1912 and 1920, Eastman donated $20 million ($236.6 million in 2015 dollars) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.

 

3057_5

Category Tag

Related Files

1032_4
Elizabeth Olsen
Elizabeth Chase Olsen (born February 16, 1989)[1] is an American actress. Her breakthrough came in 2011 when she starred in the independent thriller drama Martha Marcy May Marlene, for which she was nominated for
4648_4
Emily Scott is an Australian model
Emily Scott (born 1983) is an Australian model, DJ, record producer, and television personality. She appeared in the visuals of Robbie Williams' spring 2006 tour, and in a remake of the "Rock DJ" vid
6873_4
The 4 coolest laptops of IFA 2019
With IFA 2019 drawing to a close in Berlin, Germany, it’s time to reflect on what we’ve seen announced and had a chance to test out at the show. In particular, we saw more than a few new laptops that e
7142_4
How to start preparing for CA Foundation exams
Chartered Accountancy (CA) is one of the most sought-after professional courses. The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India provides the three-level program comprising Foundation, Intermediate, and Final. Fou
923_4
Celebrities Sonakshi Sinha
Sinha started her career as a costume designer, designing the costumes for films such as Mera Dil Leke Dekho in 2005. She made her acting debut in the 2010 film Dabangg, in which she starred opposite Salman Khan.
431_4
Ileana Dcruz Best Wallpaper
D'Cruz's career took a turn for the better[vague] with the release of her well-received 2007 film Aata.[20] She received favorable reviews for her performance as Satya, a college student who is on the run from the home minister's crooked
3176_4
BioWares (Anthem) delayed to early 2019 but EA isnot calling it a delay
Following a detailed report from Kotaku last week claiming that BioWare’s new IP Anthem was going to miss its “fall 2018” launch window, Electronic Arts tells The Wall Street Journal that the gam
1699_4
Chelsea Gilligan
Chelsea Gilligan is an American actress. Gilligan was born in America and currently resides in California (possibly Los Angeles). Gilligan is an actress and model who first made her debut in Addicted by playing Mo
5909_4
Captain Marvel box office collection Day 1 (Brie Larson superhero movie to fly off in style)
Captain Marvel box office collection Day 1: Starring Brie Larson in the role of Carol Danvers/Captain Marvel, this Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck directorial also brings back many MCU old hands like Nick Fury (Samuel L
4014_4
Lose weight after pregnancy follow these 10 diet and exercise tips
Are you having trouble losing post-pregnancy weight? Experts say the key lies in eating a balanced diet and including workouts like Kegel and aerobics. Previous studies have shown that breastfeeding the newborn al
1697_4
Maruti Suzuki Cars to be Showcased 2018
New Maruti Suzuki Cars to be Showcased at Auto Expo 2018; Swift 2017, New Maruti Ciaz, Ertiga 2017 : Maruti Suzuki India will be showcasing range of new products at the upcoming Auto Expo 2018 which includes new g
3039_4
Indian film actress Pragya Jaiswal
Pragya Jaiswal is an Indian film actress and model. She has appeared in Telugu and Hindi films.
2110_4
Alba Arnova
Cele Abba (1906–1992) Marta Abba (1900–1988) Alessandra Acciai (born 1965) Laura Adani (1913–1996) Isabelle Adriani Lucilla Agosti Janet Agren (born 1949) (Swedish actress who mainly worked in It
6988_4
JioFiber vs Airtel V-Fiber vs BSNL Plans under Rs. 1000
Earlier this month, Reliance Jio launched its JioFiber service with attractive plans and bundled freebies, prompting rivals like Airtel and BSNL to revise their plans so as to stay relevant in the competitive mark
324_4
Deepika Padukone Actress
Padukone began 2011 with an item number in Rohan Sippy's Dum Maaro Dum. The song was a remixed version of the iconic song "Dum Maro Dum," from the 1971 film Hare Rama Hare Krishna, which featured Zeenat Aman.[60] Padukone referred to it
7079_4
Five of the most beautiful animals in the world
The world is a huge and mysterious place, that has no dearth of varied creatures. They come in all shapes and sizes, and boast of different characteristic features and qualities.
And while we sincerely bel
7259_4
Here are some lesser-known facts about Shiv Sena Aaditya Thackeray
Immediately after the Maharashtra poll results were declared, it seemed the BJP-Shiv Sena alliance would form the government. However, the two parties continue to bicker over a rotational Chief Minister set-up, wh
3259_4
Priyanka Chopra Dostana Saree
Who’s the hottest girl in the world? My Desi Girl! My Desi Girl! Priyanka is in fact representing the whole Desi Girl concept. A combination of sexy and traditional, Priyanka shows the world that it is quite
636_4
Real Housewives of Atlanta - Kandi Burruss
She’s finally escaping the drama. After surviving the fallout from Parks’ nasty rumor about planning to drug Williams to take advantage of her sexually, the 41-year-old singer is ready to face all obstacles that come her way. “If I
7140_4
PUBG vs CoD vs Apex Legends - Which is better
Battle Royale titles are all the rage nowadays and it is highly unlikely that you haven't heard of games like PUBG, Apex Legends, and Call of Duty. The games are all about the adrenaline rush you get by emergi
3179_4
Jeep Compass Trailhawk SUV India launch by 2018 end
The new Jeep Compass Trailhawk will have better off-road capabilities than the standard model. The SUV will land on Indian soil with any of the specifications that one can find in the units exported by FCA Pune to
Home » Updates » Daily Update
 
digitalindiangov.com