temple idol of west bengal

The Pala and Sena dynasties are considered to be the great era of temple architecture in West Bengal. Bengal saw a great deal of sculpture between the ninth and twelfth centuries. The temple idols of West Bengal are represented by terracotta and bamboo. Regular architectural elements of these temples include the double temple structure or ‘Jor Bengali’ use of brick and laterite, lavish decorations and more. The influence of folk architecture is also clearly visible in the temple art and architecture of West Bengal. The Gupta style has a regional character in the temple sculpture of Bengal. This regional style contributed to the development of art-styles during the most extensive period of sculpture in Bengal between the ninth and twelfth centuries. Sculptures from this period represent all major and even minor sculptures associated with Brahmanical Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The idols of Pala and Sen dynasties are carved in different types of black stone. Human figures are central to Pala and Sen art. The basic physical type is derived from the magical arts.
In the 11th century, preference was given to people with lean, slender and tall bodies. Sensitivity to facial expressions remains. By the 12th century, the style lacked innovation. Bishnupur was the capital of the Malbhumi dynasty. Bishnupur has 30 temples (17th-18th centuries) with terracotta sculptures. Lord Krishna is enshrined in most of these temples. There are seven temples on the southern outskirts. The most famous Ratna Mandir of Bishnupur is made entirely of laterite. The Jora Temple is a group of three temples with sculptures of Ramayana on their walls. Various stories from the Puranas and stages of Krishnalila have been reproduced on the walls and pillars. Laterite stone has been used in the construction of some temples and the temple of Gokul Chand in Sealdah village of Bankura district is a unique example. A clear influence of the Odisha type is seen in some of the shrines of the Rekha Deva Temple. These are also excellent examples of craftsmanship. The sculptors of Bengal are known for their delicate paintings. Hansbeshree Temple Banshberia, Hooghly West Bengal is another example of fine craftsmanship. It is also known for its terracotta works. The Ananta Vasudeva temple is associated with terracotta sculptures located in the Hangeshwari temple complex. The Madanmohan temple has many sculptures and designs which reflect the influence of different generations of landlords of the village. This temple is about 400 years old.

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